Basic pneumatic system? Components of pneumatic system

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Basic pneumatic system

What is pneumatic system? 

Pneumatic system is about the same as hydraulic system. Only the difference is medium that uses in the system like air and fluid. Pneumatic system uses compressed air instead of fluid. Compressed air is filtered and dried. Filtered and dried compressed air  enhances the pneumatic system performance and increase the components life. 

Pneumatic systemsdesign is very simple and reliable.Pneumatic system are most commonly used in automotive industries and manufacturing plant. Usually it is used to drive pneumatic drills, lifting objects and transfer materials. 

Transmission system

A couple of piping systems that transport compressed air to the Linear and rotary actuators. 

Air compressor

Air compressor compresses the air and reduces the volume and helps to keep it in a storage tank and finally it supplies the air to the pneumaticssystem. Air does not come back to the tank, after completing the working cycle air releases to the atmosphere. 

Pressure gauge  

Pressure gauge is also known as vacuum gauge and pressure meter. Pressure gauge determines the pneumatic system pressure and indicates the current pressure level. Two types of pressure gauge are most commonly used in the pneumatic system. 

  1. Analog pneumatic pressure gauge. 
  2. Digital pneumatic pressure gauge. 

Exhaust silencer

Exhaust silencer is also known as pneumatic silencer and pneumatic muffler. Usually it is used to vent compressed air to the atmosphere. Generally it is installed to the exhaust  port of the solenoid valve.Exhaust silencer reduced the noise during the pressurized air out into the atmosphere. It is also helpful to protect the technicians from contaminants and helps valve from entering dust from the environment.  

Pneumatic fittings

Pneumatic fittings are used to connect a couple of pipes and tube of the pneumaticssystem. Pneumatic fittings are designed for lower pressure application and usually offered for various connector sizes and types. As an example: Adapter, Elbow,union, cross, valve and reducer. 

Solenoid valves

Solenoid valves that are made with the spool assembly inside a casing which operate electrically,change the direction of pressurized air to the actuators. There are several types of solenoid valve used based on their application of uses. 

Pneumatic pressure sensor

Pneumatic pressure sensor converts air pressure to electrical signal that regulates the functions. Switching output is configured to maintain pressure range and threshold value. Each output PNP and NPN can be set optionally. 

Air regulator and filter

Regulator is used to control the pneumatic system pressure or force. Usually it converts upstream pressure to downstream pressure for the pneumatic system regarding system requirements. Air regulators always supply the constant pressure for the system. 

Air tanks

Air tanks hold the compressed air and supply it to the pneumatic system components. 

Actuators

An actuator is a device that converts energy to linear motion or rotary motion that is operated electrically, manually and by air or fluids.

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